What signs and side effects indicate an overdose?
Nicotine poisoning can happen as a result of ingestion, skin contact, or inhalation. The disease’s progression can vary, starting with minor stomachaches and progressing through arrhythmia and dropping blood pressure to respiratory and circulatory failure. The child must consume nicotine urgently for a medical consultation.
Tobacco products contain more than 3,000 chemicals that are harmful to people. Many of them are thought to be carcinogenic. Nicotine is also among the most dangerous substances, despite the fact that many people are unaware of this.
When ingested or inhaled, nicotine is a highly toxic substance that enters the body quickly.
The impact of nicotine on the body is influenced by a variety of factors, including personal tolerance. Low doses of nicotine can cause poisoning, which happens when the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, a type of receptor found in the cell membrane, is blocked after being stimulated initially. This receptor’s job is to leak sodium and potassium ions, the two most vital human electrolytes.
This dangerous substance comes from numerous sources. Cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, snuff, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco, as well as gum, nicotine patches, lozenges, and sprays, as well as some insecticides, all contain nicotine. Nicotine poisoning can result from any of these products.
It’s important to keep in mind that a substance’s danger also stems from how highly addictive it is. It becomes more addictive the more of it is used in the product.
The early symptoms of nicotine poisoning include:
- abdominal pain,
- muscle tremors
- excessive salivation,
- rapid breathing
- loss of balance, difficulty walking,
Sources of nicotine poisoning
Nicotine poisoning can occur as a result of:
- inhalation of smoke from cigarettes and electronic cigarettes,
- absorption of liquid nicotine through the skin,
- absorption through mucous membranes (e.g. chewing tobacco),
- ingestion (e.g. nicotine tablets, accidental ingestion by a child).
It is worth remembering that the amount of nicotine in liquid products is higher than in most other tobacco products. Various analyzes indicate that the number of nicotine poisonings reported to a doctor has become significantly higher than the popularity of electronic cigarettes.