Nicotine poisoning is especially dangerous for young people.

What signs and side effects indicate an overdose?

Nicotine poisoning can happen as a result of ingestion, skin contact, or inhalation. The disease’s progression can vary, starting with minor stomachaches and progressing through arrhythmia and dropping blood pressure to respiratory and circulatory failure. The child must consume nicotine urgently for a medical consultation.

Tobacco products contain more than 3,000 chemicals that are harmful to people. Many of them are thought to be carcinogenic. Nicotine is also among the most dangerous substances, despite the fact that many people are unaware of this.

When ingested or inhaled, nicotine is a highly toxic substance that enters the body quickly.

The impact of nicotine on the body is influenced by a variety of factors, including personal tolerance. Low doses of nicotine can cause poisoning, which happens when the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, a type of receptor found in the cell membrane, is blocked after being stimulated initially. This receptor’s job is to leak sodium and potassium ions, the two most vital human electrolytes.

This dangerous substance comes from numerous sources. Cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, snuff, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco, as well as gum, nicotine patches, lozenges, and sprays, as well as some insecticides, all contain nicotine. Nicotine poisoning can result from any of these products.

It’s important to keep in mind that a substance’s danger also stems from how highly addictive it is. It becomes more addictive the more of it is used in the product.

The early symptoms of nicotine poisoning include:

  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • abdominal pain,
  • tachycardia,
  • dyspnoea,
  • stimulation,
  • muscle tremors
  • excessive salivation,
  • headache,
  • dizziness,
  • epilepsy,
  • rapid breathing
  • loss of balance, difficulty walking,
  • Hypertension.

Sources of nicotine poisoning
Nicotine poisoning can occur as a result of:

  • inhalation of smoke from cigarettes and electronic cigarettes,
  • absorption of liquid nicotine through the skin,
  • absorption through mucous membranes (e.g. chewing tobacco),
  • ingestion (e.g. nicotine tablets, accidental ingestion by a child).

It is worth remembering that the amount of nicotine in liquid products is higher than in most other tobacco products. Various analyzes indicate that the number of nicotine poisonings reported to a doctor has become significantly higher than the popularity of electronic cigarettes.

Are strawberries a diuretic? Here’s who will benefit from their properties

Most fruits and vegetables with a lot of water will make you urinate more frequently. This quality is beneficial, particularly in cases of high blood pressure, toxin contamination, or urinary tract infections. Are seasonal strawberries also a diuretic?

strawberries

Strawberries – health properties

Strawberries are extremely nutrient-dense fruits that contain nutrients like vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin K, folic acid, minerals like potassium, manganese, calcium, and iron, antioxidants like quercetin, ellagic acid, and pelargonidine, and are low in calories (only 32 kcal per 100 g). They contain very little fat and fructose-free carbohydrates.

Strawberries have the following effect because of their valuable composition:

  • anti-inflammatory
  • antioxidant,
  • anti-cancer,
  • laxatives and diuretics,

they prevent cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, and neurodegenerative diseases.

Due to a number of the fruit’s characteristics, strawberries have a diuretic effect. They are over 90% water, have a high potassium content (153 mg/100g), and low sodium levels all at the same time. These features make strawberries increase diuresis (urination). Yet, this does not constitute a drawback.

Strawberries are a good source of potassium, which naturally diuresis the body and counteracts the negative effects of sodium (which causes the body to retain water). Strawberries therefore prevent fluid retention and reduce swelling. As a result, those who have obesity, gout, rheumatic diseases, or hypertension should eat.

Consuming strawberries can aid in the body’s detoxification process. It has a purifying impact.  The fact that strawberries contain important vitamins and minerals while also having a diuretic effect is an added benefit.

Other diuretic fruits

Most of all, fruits and vegetables with a high content of water and potassium have a diuretic effect. The fruits that increase diuresis, in addition to strawberries, include:

  • watermelon,
  • pears,
  • cranberries,
  • strawberries,
  • gooseberry,
  • peaches,
  • grapes,
  • melon,
  • apples,

cherries,

cherries,

grapefruits,

oranges.

What dose of nicotine is harmful to humans?

It is assumed that the minimum lethal dose of nicotine is at least 0.5 mg / kg body weight. The lethal dose of inhaled nicotine according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health is 50-60 mg / kg body weight for an adult. Experts from the American Academy of Pediatrics warn that just 1 teaspoon of liquid nicotine can be fatal to a child weighing 26 kg.

Samsung Galaxy S22 continues to lose ground on iPhones

The premium price segment of the smartphone market is still dominated by Apple. In the first two quarters, it held a market share of more than 60% in the high price category. Since last year, Samsung’s market share has decreased in that price range.

Source: iPhone

According to recent statistics from Counterpoint Research, Apple dominates the premium smartphone market globally. In the first quarter of 2022, sales of premium phones as a whole will be made up 62% by iPhones. It was 57 percent during the same time period a year ago. Additionally, Samsung sees a decline in its market share from 18 percent in Q1 2021 to 16 percent in Q1 2022.

As a result, the South Korean company’s brand cannot immediately benefit from the February launch of the Galaxy S22 series. The researchers claim that part of the reason for this is that Samsung released the phone one month later this year than it did last year. Although Samsung has been losing market share to Apple since last year, the Galaxy S22 Ultra was the best-selling Android phone in the first quarter of this year.

Why do we suffer from Angina more often in summer?

Angina is among the most typical summertime complaints. We only need to quickly cool the body that has warmed up in the sun in a cold body of water. Bacteria will quickly multiply in the tonsils as a result of thermal shock. Most frequently, they are Streptococcus pyogenes, which typically coexist peacefully with us. till something rouses them.

Angina is also extremely fond of carbonated drinks. The mucosa becomes loosened by the bubbles, making it simpler for bacteria to invade.

After leaving the sun, eating ice cream or consuming an icy beverage can also cause microbes to quickly awaken.

Contrary to popular belief, tonsillitis is not brought on by eating ice sensibly (i.e., when we are not warmed up). Additionally, we can shield ourselves from it by regularly hardening our throats with cool food and drink.

Attention! For some people, ice cream helps with angina because it reduces the sore throat.

Rapid attacks of bacterial angina occur. We may feel fine in the morning and “die” in the afternoon with a fever of 39 degrees Celsius. Bloodshot tonsils have swollen, purulent yellowish-white raids on the surface.

The throat ache is excruciating. Sometimes the pain radiates all the way to the ear. We experience head cracking and a roller-coaster-like sensation. There may also be nausea and pain in the abdomen.

Anyone who has experienced bacterial angina knows it cannot be mistaken for another illness. It is an extremely dangerous and devastating infection. It absolutely must not be underestimated, because it requires treatment with antibiotics, and these are only prescribed by a doctor.

Tummy Time or lying on the tummy

This mysterious idea refers to a child’s pronation position or lying on their stomach. It’s important to note that this is not the recommended sleeping position for infants under 1 year old.

Photo by The Craft Wonder: Pexels.com

In addition to the benefits of lying down, tummy time is an exercise that should be performed consciously because it aids the baby in passing through the subsequent developmental stages. A variety of actions, including side-to-side head turns and swaying, reaching for nearby toys, and even crawling and crawling.

Why should a baby often lie on its tummy?

Placing an infant on its stomach is not an invention of contemporary pediatrics. Your grandmother and mother have likely already heard about this technique for fostering the child’s development, and you may have even heard about it from the midwife. Why are so many people recommending it? Its benefits include:

  • training the neck muscles responsible for learning to raise the head,
  • strengthening the abdominal muscles,
  • learning to feel the weight of your own body,
  • stimulation of the work of internal organs,
  • supporting the development of the spine,
  • initiating the first attempts at crawling,
  • improving overall motor coordination,

Does every child benefit from “Tummy Time”? When deciding to incorporate such activities into an infant’s daily routine, it is necessary to anticipate that the child may initially be dissatisfied. every time it disappears from the horizon Do not force the infant to lie on his stomach in order to calm him. Instead, stroke his back and speak to him in a soothing tone to make him feel safe.

Until the sixth month, when the infant begins to slowly lift its head and make its first clumsy attempts to crawl, lying on the stomach will provide the greatest benefits. However, there is nothing preventing you from scheduling tummy time sessions in the future. As long as your infant is comfortable in the pronation position and you are able to maintain his attention long enough, “Tummy Time” can be used frequently. However, your comfort and that of your baby should always be your top priority.

The price of 20 kg flour in Karachi has gone up by up to Rs 200 in a week.

The Pakistan Bureau of Statistics reported that the highest price for 20 kg of wheat flour was Rs. 1,700 during the week ending June 16 and Rs. 1,900 during the weekend of June 23.

Flour Prices in Karachi

Statistics reveal that the maximum price of a 20 kg bag of flour in Karachi is nearly twice as much as it is in Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Multan, and Bahawalpur, where the maximum price is almost half as much. The cost can reach Rs. 980 per 20.

According to statistics, the price of a 20kg bag of flour in Sukkur has increased from Rs 1,480 to Rs 1,640 in Hyderabad, and the maximum price of wheat flour has increased in other cities as well. It has gone up to Rs. 1,820 from Rs. 1,720.

The report claims that earlier this week, flour mills in Karachi raised the cost of various types of flour by Rs. 6 per kg, making it more challenging for consumers to pay the highest food costs and utility bills.

The Sindh Food Department has halted the free movement of wheat in Karachi, according to a mill owner in Karachi. Flour mill owners had demanded a month’s supply of wheat from Sindh’s agricultural areas, but the Sindh Food Department has prevented this. In various Sindhi cities, checkpoints were set up.

Flour mill owners asserted that the Sindh Food Department had made only “empty promises” to restore free wheat access to Karachi from other districts of Sindh, but had not taken any concrete steps in this regard.

Ear sticks:  What is worth knowing about their use?

We can find cotton buds—mistakenly referred to as ear buds—in almost every bathroom. you shouldn’t use them to clean your ear canal.



They hurt rather than help because they are pushing the accumulating mucus in the direction of the eardrum.

Photo by alleksana: Pexels.com

Leo Gerstenzang, a Pole with Jewish ancestry, invented the first cotton swab. Despite being a Warsaw native, he lived most of his life in America. According to one of the legends surrounding the creation of cotton buds, he was motivated by his wife, who used a thin cotton stick wrapped in cotton wool to clean the navel and auricle of the child as well as other hard-to-reach areas of the house.

However, Leo Gerstenzang did not anticipate that over time, people would start using cotton buds for uses unrelated to their intended use when he first introduced them to the US market. They did clean the ear canal in addition to the auricle.

Cotton buds with a unique shape that prevents the stick from being inserted deeper have been produced by manufacturers. According to research, we still reach for sticks to clean our ears despite knowing better. Despite the fact that most respondents (79%) are aware of the risk of earwax plug formation and damage to the tympanic membrane, every second parent (50%) admits to using them occasionally.


When used as intended, cotton buds can be excellent in many situations. You can use them to apply healing and care products to the body as well as wash and dry the umbilical cord stump of a newborn baby. Because they successfully remove dirt from difficult-to-reach places, they will also be helpful when cleaning.

But they are totally inappropriate for cleaning ears. Why? They push the earwax in the direction of the eardrum, which can lead to minor abrasions in addition to collecting it all in one spot and clogging the ear canal. Regular use of them encourages the development of an ear wax plug.

The health of the ear is maintained by earwax. It properly hydrates and cleans the ear canal of dust and debris. Additionally, it guards against the growth of specific bacteria and fungi.

The earwax is moved to the external auditory canal’s mouth by the jaw movements that go along with chewing. The ear discharge, which is already very simple to clean out, can then be seen to be yellow or orange. However, the ear canal can occasionally become clogged with mucus.

It is worthwhile to use an excellent ear hygiene product to prevent this. Every third parent gives them to their kids, and the majority of them (62%) do so on the pediatrician’s advice.

How often do you need to change your socks? Lots of people make a mistake

Do you change your socks with the right frequency?

Experts explain why this activity should sometimes be performed much more frequently than we would anticipate.

Photo by Lum3n: Pexels.com

Individual clothing replacement on a regular basis is a savoir-vivre practice as well as a hygiene practice. It turns out that many people are unaware of how frequently socks need to be changed. It is not clear what the experts’ solution to this problem is.

How often should you change your socks?

Internet users frequently make jokes about changing this specific garment. Men change their socks less frequently than women, roughly every two to three days, according to online discussion forums. Socks should be thought of as daily-worn undergarments.

The feet may contain as many as 250,000 sweat glands. If we start perspiring, the moisture from our body will cause dead skin to gather in the socks. It will be very simple to grow microbes, fungi, and even staphylococci in this situation if we do not change this component of the outfit. Remember about proper sock hygiene because it is better to prevent something than to treat it.

Experts warn. Once a day is the minimum

Fungal infections and excessive body sweating are unpleasant conditions. It is necessary to see a specialist and practice good hygiene in order to get rid of them more quickly. It makes sense to change your socks more frequently than once a day in this situation. The bacteria won’t have much time to multiply after that. Another situation is increased physical activity. Replace the socks with a dry, new pair if we notice that our feet are perspiring after training.

It is advisable to wash the feet themselves before switching socks. The risk of infection will be significantly reduced by thorough cleaning and drying.

The US Supreme Court invalidates the abortion law.

The 1973 Roe v. Wade decision was overturned by the US Supreme Court by a 6–3 margin.  The decision is now in the hands of the states.

It was obvious that the decision would be rendered before the start of the summer vacation at the end of June, as well as which way it would go. However, when the news first surfaced this morning, Washington was in disarray. The national abortion law, which made abortion legal up to the 24th week, has actually been overturned by the Supreme Court.

In accordance with the conservative majority on the judiciary, the supreme judges made their decision by a vote of six to three. The historic Roe v. Wade decision of 1973, which divided the nation for many years, is now history.

It is safe to say that the turning point, a turning point in US judicial history, was not unexpected. In May, information about a Supreme Court test vote with this exact motivation leaked. The plan was leaked for the first time to an online publication, Politico, and Chief Justice John Robert was so shocked that he opened an inquiry. Judge Samuel Alito argued that abortion-related issues were a state issue rather than a national one. This line was followed in the official judgment.

On Thursday, the decision of another judge had already been used as a signpost. The Supreme Court reversed a New York state law that had recently sparked national outrage following a supermarket shooting in Buffalo by voting 6 to 3 to uphold the right to carry a firearm in public.

Some information about sunscreen that is important for everyone

Summertime brings with it more exposure to harmful UV radiation. Skin aging and, in the worst case scenario, skin cancer are both brought on by UV-B rays in particular.

Photo by Moose Photos: Pexels.com

Sunscreens aid in shielding skin from the sun. The question is, though, which sunscreen is the best? 

What significance does environmental protection have when deciding on UV protection? 

Skin aging is caused by any sun exposure.

The sun makes us feel good, releases endorphins, and increases the production of vitamin D in our bodies.

But it also harms our skin, particularly if we don’t protect it.

Sunburn can happen, but skin damage from UV rays can also go unnoticed for years.

After six to 24 hours, we become aware of a sunburn. UV radiation causes our skin to age.Because of this, experts suggest “avoiding unnecessary sun exposure.


Sun spots and skin aging are caused by UV-A and UV-B rays.When sun exposure eventually causes skin cancer, things get really serious.

Many experts agree on UV protection. It is recommended to always use sun protection with a sun protection factor of at least 50.

Ozone dilution has caused the UV intensity to keep rising over the past few years.How much radiation penetrates the skin depends on the UV filter.Additionally, skin damage is reduced the less sunlight that enters the skin.

UV radiation exposure should be minimized for children in particular.

Which filters do you prefer—mineral or chemical?

The mineral UV filter acts as a protective barrier over the skin, while the chemical UV filter transforms UV energy into heat.

Both filter types, according to experts, offer excellent UV radiation defense.

Only infants and toddlers up to two years of age should use a purely mineral sunscreen.

Our bodies can produce vitamin D thanks to the sun.

But what happens if you use sun protection products and less UV-B radiation gets through to your skin?

According to studies, vitamin D is still formed in sufficient amounts even when sun protection is regularly used.

The skin should be regularly examined by a dermatologist in addition to using sun protection products.