Fructose or glucose – which sugar is safer for diabetics?

Sugar gives us energy (in the right amounts, of course). Glucose and fructose, both simple sugars, affect the body differently. Diabetics must be careful with sugar, but it can’t be eliminated completely. Which one is safer for people with diabetes?

Glucose vs fructose – characteristics

Larger sugar molecules are broken down to make glucose. Fruits and vegetables like beets, corn, and potatoes contain fructose in its simplest form. The body prefers glucose for energy, but it’s not always an excess product in processed foods.

Glucose in the bloodstream triggers insulin production. Cells absorb blood glucose for energy. Extra is stored in the liver and muscles. Too much of it forms adipose tissue. The liver converts fructose into glycogen or fat. Both glucose and fructose are unhealthy. How should diabetics choose “lesser evil”?

Why is glucose a safer choice for diabetics, according to research? This simple sugar can suppress ghrelin, or the “hunger hormone,” and increase appetite. Leptin, another appetite-regulating hormone, is also affected. Metabolic syndrome, cataracts, insulin resistance, fatty liver, and high blood pressure may also result. More research is needed to determine its safety, say researchers.