The inhaler for adults is a device that lets you inhale at home. Inhalation is nothing more than getting powdered medicines, oils, solutions, or suspensions into the lungs along with the air. Patients with problems like sinusitis inhale water vapor mixed with the right therapeutic agents. How to choose a good inhaler for adults? What are the reasons adults shouldn’t use a steam inhaler?
How to choose a good adult inhaler?
The primary measure of inhaler quality is the MMAD (median mass aerodynamic diameter).
, which is the average particle size of the aerosol produced. This information is a key issue for the buyer, as it allows you to match the type of device to the needs of the therapy. Particles larger than 8 µm are absorbed by the upper respiratory tract.
The trachea and bronchi absorb particles between 5 µm and 8 µm in size. The bronchi and bronchioles are permeable to particles between 2 and 5 micrometers in size. bronchioles and bronchi. Alveoli receive particles ranging in size from 0.5 µm to 3 µm.
The following adult inhalers are available on the market :
- pneumatic inhalers – e.g. compressed air or oxygen is used to produce an aerosol.
- ultrasonic inhalers – to change the drug into an aerosol due to the use of ultrasound energy
- membrane inhalers – small and extremely compact devices that can be powered by batteries. Aerosol generation is possible thanks to a vibrating membrane. These devices are quite discreet as they do not produce noise.
Contraindications to using the inhaler
Among the most common contraindications to using an inhaler, doctors list:
- severe heart failure ,
- cancers of the respiratory system,
- tuberculosis , a bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex
- respiratory hemorrhage,
- respiratory failure that is not associated with bronchial obstruction.
Indications for the use of the inhaler
The inhaler for children and adults is usually suitable for diseases such as:
- bronchitis ,
- pneumonia ,
- inflammation of the sinuses ,
- throat inflammation,
- inflammation of the nasal mucosa, also called rhinitis ,
- respiratory fungal infection,
- cystic fibrosis ,
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) .
Choosing an adult sinus inhaler
The sinus inhaler is useful for conditions such as headache when bending over, nasal congestion, rhinitis, and olfactory disorders. Inhaling the upper respiratory tract is one of the most common treatments for sinusitis. Inhaler-based treatments facilitate the reduction of residual secretion.
In addition, they also clear the upper respiratory tract. A sinus-clearing nebulizer will be perfect for therapy. With its help, you can carry out aerosol therapy using drugs, thermal water or saline solution. The device is equipped with masks and a mouthpiece, but it is also possible to buy a mask for infants.
Inhaler for adults – how to use?
During inhalation, the patient should assume a sitting position. It is advisable to breathe calmly, taking deep breaths from time to time. The use of saline alone for inhalation allows for proper hydration of the nose. The therapy prevents the multiplication of harmful pathogens. In addition, inhalations should be carried out when the problem is a runny nose, pharyngitis or laryngitis.