James Webb Space Telescope has captured stars we have not seen before

The James Webb Space Telescope has given astronomers a glimpse of the Tarantula Nebula. It is a record large and bright area of intense star birth in our cosmic region.

The aim of the observation was dust and gas fibers, including the so-called stellar nursery. The objects that formed there were largely unknown to science, which means that in the course of recent observations they were observed for the first time. A better understanding of the circumstances surrounding this process should explain what the pasts of the solar system, the Milky Way and the entire universe looked like, and how their future may be shaped.

The Tarantula Nebula is about 161,000 light-years from our galaxy in the Large Magellanic Cloud. It is a satellite galaxy orbiting the Milky Way. Within this unusually large and bright nebula can be found some of the hottest and most massive stars astronomers have ever seen. Of course, the James Webb Space Telescope helps to observe them.

As can be seen in the photo above, the massive young stars form a blue cluster near the center. The radiation emitted by these objects and the stellar winds removed some of the gas. The remaining layers of it still drive the process of forming new stars. Observation of this view was made possible by the NIRCam instrument operating in the near infrared light.

A slightly different look was provided by the MIRI operating in the mid-infrared. It allows you to look even deeper, seeing the protostars that have yet to complete the formation process. Hydrocarbons in blue and purple glide along the edges of the dust clouds, while the densest areas of dust completely obscure the view, as can be seen in the lower left corner of the image. Further observations could reveal where such an impressive rate of young star birth is coming from in the Tarantula Nebula. It is so high that it can be compared to the rate observed in galaxies billions of years ago.