Liver – our internal ally

 It performs titanic work every day – it takes care of the supply of nutrients and cleanses the whole body of toxins. The liver is the largest gland in the human body. It is very sensitive and prone to damage. And how to care for the liver?

Liver - our internal ally


What is the liver and what are its functions?


The liver is a special gland because it not only functions continuously but also possesses regenerative properties that no other human body organ can claim. It is composed of liver cells, or hepatocytes, which unite to form the bile ducts’ vessels. They make up 60–70% of the liver’s total cell population.


Proteins, fats, and carbohydrates (sugars) are all metabolised by the liver. There, proteins and carbohydrates are broken down into fats and glucose is made and stored. Additionally, the liver breaks down fats and produces phospholipids, lipoproteins, and cholesterol. The majority of the proteins that make up plasma proteins are also produced by this gland, along with amino acids. Iron and the vitamins A, D, and B12 can be stored in it.


The liver is typically thought of as a high-quality filter. And with good reason; one of its jobs is to purge the body (it removes toxins, including alcohol). Even though the hepatocyte, which makes up this organ, has an estimated lifespan of one year and can regenerate damaged cells into new ones, there are still a number of factors that are harmful to the liver.


What is harmful to the liver?


A poor diet high in simple sugars and saturated fatty acids, as well as a sedentary lifestyle, are particularly bad for the liver. The liver is negatively impacted by being overweight or obese as well.

As a result, if our menus frequently include items like white bread, sweets, sweet drinks, fatty meat and cold cuts, palm and coconut oil, and salty snacks, more people may be exposed to liver diseases . And they may grow over time, even in the absence of symptoms.


Does your liver ache? Since the liver lacks sensory innervation, it can not experience pain . However, the liver may enlarge if its function is compromised. Symptoms of an enlarged liver include pain and a feeling of fullness in the abdomen (due to stretching of the liver capsule or pressure on adjacent organs). Jaundice, itchiness, nausea, and vomiting are other symptoms of liver issues that may be present . These are alarm signals that loudly proclaim that an appointment with a doctor is necessary.


How to support liver regeneration?


The ability of the liver to regenerate does not guarantee that it will do so on its own. It’s time to change your way of life, especially your diet. The secret is to abstain from fried, fatty, and simple sugars in large quantities. Alcohol is censored as well, and the liver needs to be cleansed of this poison. Large quantities of fresh produce, especially fresh fruit, are advised. It is also advised to drink water, perhaps flavoured with mint, to slake your thirst rather than a sweet beverage.


The menu ought to be diverse. The Mediterranean diet, which consists of vegetables, whole grains, legumes, herbs, nuts, and healthy fats like olive oil and lean meats, is the best diet for a bad liver. Skip the fried foods. Also not advised are hot spices. The liver is one part of the body that benefits greatly from physical activity. Almost all liver metabolic changes are influenced favourably by movement. Furthermore, it lessens tissue resistance to insulin. Exercises that are carefully chosen can aid in liver regeneration.


Let us remember that physical activity should be permanently included in our daily schedules. So let us choose such a form of movement that we enjoy and that we do not get discouraged quickly.


Phospholipids for the liver – how do they work?

The liver cells’ damaged cell membranes will be strengthened by high-quality essential phospholipids (EPL) [8]. The fundamental constituents of cell membranes used to create liver cells are phospholipids [9]. Phospholipids with an attached choline molecule, such as phosphatidylcholine, are particularly significant in the context of the healthy operation of the liver. It participates in a variety of crucial liver functions, such as the metabolism of fats and cholesterol, accelerating the removal of fat from the liver, and safeguarding liver cells.


When there is not enough of it, the condition of the liver deteriorates. Hence, it is justified to systematically supplement liver cells with a mixture of phospholipids obtained from soybeans, containing phosphatidylcholine . It is worth remembering that phospholipids with high levels of phosphatidylcholine, containing essential fatty acids with proven clinical benefits in the treatment of liver diseases, are contained only in high-quality drugs, not in dietary supplements