According to the new guidelines, the normal blood pressure range for individuals up to 65 years of age is 120-129/70-79 mm Hg, as opposed to 140/90 mm Hg. Additionally, new standards have been set for the elderly. More and more people are suffering from hypertension, prompting doctors to urge regular blood pressure monitoring.
Long periods of asymptomatic hypertension are possible. Experts caution that life-threatening complications may be the only indication of a problem with the pressure. Doctors are alarmed by the increasing prevalence of hypertension. Therefore, new, more stringent standards have been developed to define the proper blood pressure.
New blood pressure norms. What changed?
Doctors from the Polish Society of Cardiology and the Polish Society of Hypertension decided to tighten the existing blood pressure standards. The new guidelines also include age groups.
New blood pressure norms:
- 120-129 / 70-79 mm Hg – for people up to 65 years of age,
- 130-139 / 70-79 mm Hg – for people over 65,
- 130-149 / 70-79 mm Hg – for people over 80 years of age.
The current standard was 140/90 mm Hg for everyone.
At least 12 million Poles suffer from arterial hypertension . Many do not know this because high blood pressure is often asymptomatic or its symptoms are neglected. Often, only the occurrence of a stroke or heart attack indicates that a person has too high blood pressure.
In 95% of cases there is the so-called primary hypertension that has no specific cause. However, lifestyle can influence the development of hypertension, which is why more and more people have this problem.
The risk group for developing hypertension includes:
- people who lead a sedentary lifestyle,
- tobacco smokers,
- obese people,
- people with high cholesterol,
How is hypertension diagnosed?
To detect hypertension, you need to regularly measure the pressure with a pressure gauge. It is enough to check the parameters at home. A one-time detection of high blood pressure is not yet the basis for the diagnosis of hypertension. They are diagnosed on the basis of the average of three measurements taken several minutes apart. Sometimes non-specific symptoms can show hypertension:
- nose bleeds
- sleep disturbances,
- getting tired easily.
If the blood pressure monitor shows too high blood pressure, see a doctor as soon as possible (e.g. family doctor, hypertensiologist, cardiologist) who can prescribe antihypertensive drugs . Sometimes a lifestyle change is enough to improve blood pressure values and avoid serious complications.
“Nowe Normy Ciśnienia Krwi. Już Nie 140/90 Mm Hg – Polki.pl.” Polki.pl, 27 Oct. 2022, stylzycia.polki.pl/diagnostyka,nowe-normy-cisnienia-krwi,10447427,artykul.html.