Signs of diabetes

When a person suffers from type 2 diabetes, their body fails to convert carbohydrates in the diet into energy.

Signs of diabetes


As a result, the amount of sugar in the blood increases.

If blood sugar levels are not controlled, the risk of heart disease, vision loss, nerve and organ damage and other complications increases over time.


In fact, one in three patients with type 2 diabetes do not know the disease.


However, there are some symptoms that indicate an increase in blood sugar levels.


Early symptoms

of type 2 diabetes include excessive thirst, dry mouth all the time, increased desire to eat, excessive urination and sudden abnormal decrease or increase in body weight.


When blood sugar levels continue to rise, symptoms such as headache, blurred vision, and fatigue or fatigue without any reason can occur.


Severe symptoms

In most cases, diabetes type 2 is not known until serious symptoms are encountered.


These symptoms include injury or scratches, inflammation of the urinary tract and itching on the skin.


Some lifestyle habits play a role in increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes.


Spending too much time sitting, smoking, eating too much red meat or processed meat, consuming high-fat dairy products and sweets, increasing fat around the waist and stomach are factors that can be prevented.


Elements that cannot be controlled

Some elements are not in our hands to control.


For example, a history of diabetes in parents or siblings and age 45 years or older are factors that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.


What is the role of insulin?

Insulin is the hormone that converts food into energy in a healthy person’s body.


Our stomach converts carbohydrates into sugar and when this sugar enters the blood, the pancreas releases the right amount of insulin, which enables our cells to use sugar as fuel.


How is diagnosis made?

Doctors perform blood tests and A1C tests to diagnose it.


This will tell about the average level of blood sugar during the last 2 to 3 months.


If symptoms are visible, then the normal sugar test also knows the level of blood sugar.


What is the significance of the test?

Blood sugar test is very important because based on it doctors recommend treatment or lifestyle changes are advised.


A normal blood sugar test is done at bedtime at night, including after waking up in the morning, before and after meals.


Is it possible to avoid this disease?

Diabetes type 2 is a disease that can be avoided, just by controlling the risk factors (which can be controlled), its risk can be reduced.


Habits such as a healthy diet, 30 minutes of light exercise 5 days a week, and maintaining a healthy body weight can prevent diabetes from being affected by type 2.


If blood sugar is high but has not yet reached the level of diabetes, then medicines and lifestyle changes can prevent the disease.

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